The Rwenzori Mountains are a world-famous UNESCO heritage website in western Uganda. These ranges which have additionally been referred to as the legendary “Mountains of the Moon” are situated in one among Africa’s most lovely Alpine forests. These nice ranges supply a surprising view of the glacier and snow-capped mountains.
The Rwenzoris are additionally attributed to be the supply of the Nile, the world’s second-longest river. Its multitudes of free-flowing rivers and the cascading landscapes add to the sweetness that these mountains garnish the African pearl’s horizon with.
In an effort to acknowledge and protect the wildlife, uniqueness, and uncommon vegetation at these mountain slopes; in 1991; the mountains acquired a standing of a nationwide park and at the moment are nicely referred to as Rwenzori mountains nationwide park. Three years later, it was accorded a UNESCO World Heritage Web site standing.
The Rwenzori Mountains are below the watch of the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) on the Ugandan facet and below the safety of Virunga Nationwide Park on the Democratic Republic of Congo facet.
Rwenzori Mountains Nationwide Park Dimension
The Rwenzori mountains nationwide park covers an space of roughly 1000 sq. kilometers. It lies within the southwestern area of Uganda on the east facet of the western arm of the Nice East African rift valley between the border of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Summiting Rwenzori Mountains
The park consists of the middle and jap half of the snow-covered Rwenzori Mountains that are situated north of the equator.
The mist shrouded mountains stretch over the districts of Bundibugyo, Kabarole, and Kasese. The Rwenzori mountains soar to heights of 5109 metres above sea stage. Certainly, the mountain is the third highest mountain on the African continent (after the Kilimanjaro Mountain of Tanzania and Mount Kenya of Kenya). The mountains supply a novel and pristine panorama.
The Rwenzori Mountain chain is thought for its stratified, distinctive, and wonderful vegetation that make it an exceptionally scenic vacation spot. The vegetation cowl includes of the Montane Forest, Bamboo zone, Heather zone, Alpine zone and the Rock and Glacier zone. The distinctive Alpine flora helps a variety of wildlife.
These mountains are made up of 6 massifs elevating at completely different heights and amongst these embrace; Mount Stanley which protects the best summit of the mountain – Margherita at 5,109 meters, Mount Speke at 4,890 meters, Mount Baker at 4,843 meters, Mount Emin at 4,798 meters, Mount Gessi at 4,715 meters, and Mount Luigi di Savoia at 4,627 meters.
These massifs particularly Mount Stanley have a number of subsidiary peaks with Margherita as the best. Others embrace; Alexandra at 5,091 meters, Albert at 5,087 meters, Savoia at 4,977 meters, Ellena at 4,968 meters, Elizabeth at 4,929 meters, Phillip at 4,920 meters, Moebius at 4,916 meters and Nice Tooth at 4,603 meters.
It takes six to eight days to summit the Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda. Relying in your mountaineering expertise, you’ll be able to summit the Rwenzoris and again in simply six days.
Points of interest within the Rwenzori Mountains
With an space of roughly 1000 sq. kilometers, Rwenzori mountains nationwide park protects a number of points of interest together with over 70 mammal species, 217 fowl species the place 17 of those are endemics, distinctive vegetation cowl, bugs, lakes and rivers and lots of others as defined beneath;
The park has quite a few wildlife species. These embrace over 70 mammal species and these embrace six endemics to Albertine Rift. 4 species are endemic to the park and three are uncommon species.
Fashionable wildlife that may be seen within the Rwenzori are elephants, leopards, Rwenzori otters, and others. There are additionally completely different primate species together with the baboons, black and white colobus monkeys, blue monkeys and others.
Nonetheless, it ought to be famous that isn’t quite common to identify these animals throughout your mountaineering expertise. Animals usually run for his or her security every time they sense any strangers of their setting.
Rwenzori mountains Nationwide Park is remarkably identified for encompassing a novel and exquisite wildlife. It is without doubt one of the most lovely alpine areas.
The mountains are coated by completely different vegetation zones you can encounter throughout your Rwenzori trek to completely different mountain summits and peaks. Vegetation zones to cross embrace; the tropical rainforests, African savannahs, montane forests, bamboo forests to the alpine forests, Heather zone, the Rock and Glacier zone.
3. Chicken species
Rwenzori mountains Nationwide Park is a house to over 217 fowl species together with the endemic species from the Albertine rift.
The park incorporates quite a lot of lovely and colourful fowl species together with the good-looking francolin, barred long-tailed cuckoo, blue-headed sunbird, lengthy eared owl, Rwenzori batis, slender-billed starling, unusual weaver, flycatchers, crimson wings and others.
4. The snowcapped peaks
The Rwenzori Mountains are made up of different 6 massifs that include peaks which are completely snowcapped and glaciated. Amongst these massifs embrace Mount Stanley which is the best with 5,109 meters, Mount Speke with 4,890 meters, Mount Baker with 4,843 meters and others.
These wonderful snowcapped mountain summits may be reached after the hike by means of completely different mountaineering trails of the park such because the Central Circuit path which is ruled by the locals, Kilembe path which is privately ruled and Bukurungu path.
Rwenzori mountains nationwide park consists of 20 lakes and amongst these embrace Lake Mahoma which is the closest and most accessible within the bird-rich forest of the Central Circuit path.
The park additionally has different lakes like Lake Bujuku mendacity on the apex of the deep and glacier carved Bujuku valley within the shadow of mountains like Mount Stanley, Mount Baker and Mount Speke.
No matter all of the above wonderful issues in regards to the Rwenzoris in Uganda, just a few folks go to this mountain. Lower than 10,000 folks go to the Rwenzori Mountains in Uganda. This makes it top-of-the-line mountaineering locations in Africa for anybody eager about a non-congested vacation spot.